Young children are developmentally able to begin learning fundamental ideas about social diversity, government, economics, history, and geography. Parents simply need to connect each topic with preschool experiences and activities.
At age one, babies begin to notice differences and similarities of people within their immediate surroundings. As toddlers, they become aware of race and gender differences and notice how others might speak, dress, or behave differently. When between the ages of four and six years old, children are able to sequentially order historical events in their own lives.
Also use children’s literature to expose your little one to diverse people groups and to others who have lived in a different time period or setting. Discuss the experiences of people in the story, and examine how they are similar or different from your child’s. These types of early activities will teach your young kids about many of the basic elements of social studies.